DOI: https://doi.org/10.20535/2305-9001.2012.66.38625

HYDRODYNAMICS OF VISCOUS FLUID FLOW IN FORMING TOOL FOR MULTILAYER JET PRODUCTION

О. М. Яхно, Н. В. Семинская

Abstract


The subject of study presented in this paper is a flow of a viscous fluid in forming tool for multilayer jet production.

The purpose of this work is to carry out experimental and theoretical studies of initial part of a two-layer jet stream of viscous Newtonian fluids. The methodology and main results of work. On the basis of the results of experimental studies which carried out by authors was found that flows of two-layer jet stream of viscous Newtonian fluids in nozzles are unstabilized and consisted of a number of zones such as: a) zone of separated flow with area of unstabilized flow with changing hydraulic section ; b) zone of unstabilized flow with constant hydraulic section ; c) zone of stabilized flow with constant ratio of layers . The equation of motion which takes possibility to analyze a fluid flow in zone  is given. For satisfactory results leads calculation of flow parameters by the method described by H. Schlichting on the basis of which the value of  was determined, and proved that in process of liquid flow speed of contact in layers is changed from  to . Using graphic-analytical method described in [6] length of zone  was evaluated based on the analysis of flow kinematic characteristics in layers  and .

Conclusions. Obtained results of experimental and theoretical studies proves that:

- The basic formation of the velocity field and the flow stress is on the geometric initial section;

- For water the value of  with other equal conditions  is  which is close to the results obtained by L. Schiller, S. Targ and others;

- Average increase of the initial segment length in two-layer flow is about of 18.5%, that is ;

- The interaction of jet flow connected with features of the flow in area of contact of liquid layers and it leads to increase of a value of parameter ;

- The nature of the fluid flow at the interface between the layers in area of its two-dimensional flow can have a significant impact on the structure of the surface of the liquid surface outside the nozzle when ratio of thickness ;

- On the basis of experimental data can be recommended for Newtonian fluids formula .

Keywords


multi-layered; unsteady-state; nasadok; initial area

References


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GOST Style Citations


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