Perspectives of Application of Rapid Internal Combustion Engine in Drive of Mobile Technique: 1. The Efficiency of Energy Sources for a Heat-Engine




rapid internal combustion engine, fuel, fuel mixture, heat creating capacity, mobile machinery, energy effectiveness, environmental friendliness


Abstract. The internal combustion engine is a highly intellectual product of civilization. Having reached the highest level of its perfection it, however, caused considerable ecological problems. Thus, its alternative has been the subject of active researches. The aim of this article is to define the objectivity and plausibility of these claims concerning the internal combustion engines and the perspectives of its employment in the gear of mobile machinery. The attention is focused both on the characteristics of the engine itself and on the characteristics of exploited energy sources.

Ecological problems are usually related to the existence of carbon in the traditional fuel. But simultaneous operating of the notions of mass and capacity or higher and lower heat of fuel combustion as well as the notions of heat producing capacity of the fuel proved that there is no unconditional alternative to the common petrol.

It is strongly believed that the substantial effectiveness can be expected from advancing the technology of volumetric ignition by compression of ideal homogenized working mixture, the technology known as Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition. This technology enables the extreme increase in effectiveness of the internal combustion process distinctive of the Otto-engine. Thus, the objectives of Otto-engine improvement are considered to be absolutely achievable, which opens vast perspectives of its exploitation in the gear of machinery with the high level of autonomy.

Author Biographies

P. Hashchuk, Lviv State University of Life Safety

Доктор технічних наук, професор, завідувач кафедри Кафедра експлуатації транспортних засобів та пожежно-рятувальної техніки

S. Nikipchuk, Lviv State University of Life Safety

старший викладач кафедри "Експлуатація та ремон автомобільної техніки" Національного університету "Львівська політехніка"


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How to Cite

P. Hashchuk and S. Nikipchuk, “Perspectives of Application of Rapid Internal Combustion Engine in Drive of Mobile Technique: 1. The Efficiency of Energy Sources for a Heat-Engine”, Mech. Adv. Technol., no. 1(88), pp. 82–92, Apr. 2020.