Comparative analysis of hot reverse extrusion of hollow products from round and square blanks
Keywords:finite element method, hot reverse extrusion, hollow product, round and square workpiece, temperature, forces, stresses, deformations
Background. Modern production of hollow products by hot reverse extrusion poses the task of reducing energy consumption and reducing metal costs for the manufacture of such products. Such problems can be solved by using them for extruding square-shaped blanks.
Goal. Determination using the finite element method (FEM) of the parameters of hot reverse extrusion of hollow products from round and square blanks and comparison of the results of theoretical studies.
Methodology of implementation. Theoretical studies of force modes of extrusion, specific forces and stress-strain state of metal were carried out by simulation using MSE in the DEFORM software environment.
The results. Modeling of the process of hot reverse extrusion from low-carbon steel of a hollow product with protrusions on the end of the bottom part was carried out with the help of MSE. Round and square blanks are used. Extrusion forces, forces for removing punches from deformed blanks and forces for pushing out products from matrices are established. The distribution of specific forces on the deforming tool is revealed. The stress-strain state and temperature distribution in the deformed metal at the end of extrusion were determined. Evaluation of the working of the metal structure by hot plastic deformation was carried out and the obtained parameters were compared.
Conclusions. The use of square-shaped blanks during hot reverse extrusion of hollow products is substantiated.
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