DOI: https://doi.org/10.20535/2521-1943.2020.89.205168

The hybrid action tool for operations of cleaning of turbine units cavities

Vitalii Tkachuk, Viktor Shchetynin, Sergii Shlyk, Olga Chencheva, Oleksandr Salenko

Abstract


The paper deals with the hybrid action tool for cleaning of cavities and elements of turbine units whose operation is based on a combination of action of a water-ice flow with mechanical shock influence of the small concentrated masses mounted on elastic suspensions. Receiving energy from the flow, the masses, performing self-oscillating motion, come into contact with the treated surface having a layer of strong contamination, and create a multipoint shock-cyclic loading of the surface, which results in active development of initial defects of the contamination film, due to which the following action of the water-ice stream produces better and more productive cleaning. It is shown that the generated local stresses, determined on the basis of Hertz contact problems, reach 15-20 MPa, do not have a significant effect on the surface of the base, which is a thin curves shell, do not change the state of its surface in the plane of adhesion, but result in defects in surface film in the form of cracks and delaminations . In this case the film is eliminated by water-ice flow more dynamically. The use of water-ice jet, formed by the original tubeless device, enables the formation of a wide flow (with the top angle of p/12… p/6) and the work of its ice particles is spent on grinding the surface film. The jet stream cleans the surface and removes the products of destruction beyond the impact.

The use of a hybrid tool has increased the productivity of treatment with the wetting angles of the jet flow, different from p/2, by more than 30%, while the consumption of cryogenic liquid (liquid nitrogen) is reduced by 20-25%.

The process modeling is performed, the conditions of the destruction of the adhesive bond of the contaminant film with the surface are estimated, the conditions of its rational execution are determined.


Keywords


hybrid tool; water-ice flow; surface cleaning; modeling; surface films

Full Text:

PDF

References


Orel, V.N., Salenko, A.F., Shchetynin, V.T. and Chencheva, O.O. (2017), “Improving the efficiency of waterjet processing due to the effect of initiated cracking”, Journal of the Technical University of Gabrovo, no. 54, рp. 7–13.

Effective hydrocutting (2007), Monograph, VIPOL.

Wightman, D.F. (1986), Waterjetting on the Cutting Edge of Machining, 7 SME MS86, Flexible Manufacturing Systems, Chicago, USA.

Stepanov, Yu.S., Kachanov, A.N. and Burnashov, М.А. (2009), Determination of the size of deformation of material in the cutting zone during cutout by water0ice tool, POLZUNOVSKII Bulletin, No. 1–2, pp. 272–279.

Orel, V.N., Shchetynin, V.Т., Salenko, А.F. and Yatsyna, N.N. (2016), “The use of controlled cracking to improve the efficiency of waterjet cutting”, Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, vol. 1, no. 7, pp.45–56. https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2016.59907

Hydro- and hydro-abrasive treatment: theory, technology and equipment (2001), VIPOL.

Burnashov, M.A. and Golovin, K.А. (2008), Experimental research of the application of water-ice tool for the cutout of roll and sheet materials, Social-economic and ecological problems of mining industry, construction and power engineering: mater. Of Intern. Conf., TulSU, Tula, pp. 117–121.

Plankovskii, S.I. Golovin, I.I. and Sirenko, F.F. (2013), “The analysis of the existing methods for purification of the turbine blades in gas turbine engines”, Aviation-space technology, vol. 103, no. 6, pp. 27–34.

Medvedev, А.А. and Poserenin, А.I. (2016), Application of energy dispersion X-ray spectrometers for the element analysis of geological samples, Mining information analytical bulletin, no. 11, pp. 115–124.

Tolokonnikov, I.А. (2003), “Energy dispersion X-ray-fluorescent analyzer of substance composition ReSPEKT”, Atomic energy, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 69–70.

Salenko, О.F., Salenko, О.F. and Pozdniakov, P.B. (2007), “Integral action tool for jet-abrasive purification”, Reliability of tools and optimization of technological systems: Collection of papers, Kramatorsk, no. 22, pp. 93–98.

“Use of water-jet means for cleaning operations of turbine units”, Journal of the Technical University of Gabrovo, no. 59, pp. 32–55.


GOST Style Citations


  1. Orel V.N., Salenko A.F., Shchetynin V.T., Chencheva O.O. IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF WATERJET PROCESSING DUE TO THE EFFECT OF INITIATED CRACKING Journal of the Technical University of Gabrovo. – 2017. – Vol. 54, Р. 7–13.
  2. Ефективне гідрорізання: Монографія. – К.: ВІПОЛ, – 2007. – 488 с.
  3. Wightman D.F. Waterjetting on the Cutting Edge of Machining / 7 SME MS86. Flexible Manufacturing Systems. Chicago, –1986. – Vol. 2. – 171 p.
  4. Степанов Ю.С., Качанов А.Н., Бурнашов М.А. Определение величины деформации материала в зоне резания при раскрое водоледяным инструментом. ПОЛЗУНОВСКИЙ ВЕСТНИК. – 2009. – № 1–2. – С. 272–279.
  5. Орел В.Н., Щетинин В.Т., Саленко А.Ф., Яцина Н.Н. The use of controlled cracking to improve the efficiency of waterjet cutting, Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies. – 2016. – Vol. 1, No. 7. – С. 45–56. https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2016.59907  
  6. Гідро- та гідроабразивна обробка: теорія, технологія та обладнання. К.: в-во ВІПОЛ, – 2001. – 488 с.
  7. Бурнашов M.A., Головин К.А. Экспериментальные исследования применения водоледяного инструмента для раскроя рулонных и листовых материалов // Социально-экономические и экологические проблемы горной промышленности, строительства и энергетики: матер. Межд. конф. / ТулГУ. Тула. – 2008. – С. 117–121.
  8. Планковский С.И., Головин И.И., Сиренко Ф.Ф. Анализ существующих методов очистки поверхности лопаток турбин в газотурбинных двигателях–Авиационно-космическая техника и технология, – 2013. – T. 103, № 6. С. 27–34.
  9. Медведев А.А., Посеренин А.И. Применение энергодисперсионных рентгеновских спектрометров для элементного анализа геологических образцов. – Горный информационно-аналитический бюллетень. – 2016. – № 11. С. 115–124.
  10. Толоконников И.А. Энергодисперсионный рентгенофлюоресцентный анализатор состава вещества РеСПЕКТ // Атомная энергия. – 2003. – Т. 95. – Вып. 1. – С. 69–70.
  11. Саленко О.Ф. Інструмент інтегральної дії для виконання струминно-абразивного очищення / О.Ф. Саленко, П.Б. Поздняков // Надійність інструменту та оптимізація технологічних систем: зб.наук.праць. – Краматорськ, – 2007. – Вип. 22. – С. 93–98.
  12. Use of water-jet means for cleaning operations of turbine units // Journal of the Technical University of Gabrovo, – No. 59, P. 32–55.




Copyright (c) 2020 Mechanics and Advanced Technologies

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

________________

©Mechanics and Advanced Technologies

National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute" 

Address: 37, Prospect Peremohy, 03056, Kyiv-56, Ukraine

tel: +380 (44) 204-95-37

http://journal.mmi.kpi.ua/