Estimation of efficiency of ultrasonic cavitation processing of technological media on energy criteria
Keywords:technological environment, ultrasonic cavitation, processing stages, energy, evaluation criteria, synergetic principles
The paper presents the energy evaluation of cavitation treatment of technological environments with the aim of establishing such parameters that implement the optimal conditions to maximize the transfer of energy to the stages in cavitation generation, development and slam shut bubbles. Accounting multiple transformation of energy of ultrasonic vibrations, as the need to improve the efficiency of the process based on the gradual definition of qualitative and quantitative picture of the energy in the contact zone of cavitation and technological environment and conditions of transfer of energy to the technological environment. Definition and consistent calculation of the energy conversion chain for the implementation of this idea used existing and developed new criteria for evaluating methods of acoustic treatment of technological environments: the intensity, the ratio of energies, a synergistic coefficient, coefficient of energy absorption, the rate of change of pressure in time; the wave resistance of the medium in the regimes of cavitation resistance of the initial state of the environment and others. This approach, as the process of improving existing or establishing new systems and technologies is synergistic systems. On the basis of research and evaluation of these criteria formulated synergistic principles of perfecting of conditions and parameters of the system “ultrasonic installation – technology environment”.
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