DOI: https://doi.org/10.20535/2521-1943.2020.0.214609

Experimental study of materials resistance to cavitation erosion

Oleksandr Luhovskyi, Andrii Zilinskyi, Alina Shulha, Anton Lavrinenkov, Ihor Gryshko, Iryna Bernyk

Abstract


The problems of ensuring the durability of ultrasonic  technological equipment is considered in article. The results of the experiment planning are presented, which made it possible to correctly construct a field study and select construction materials. Experimental materials such as 30ХГСА, СЧ20, Ф4, 08Х18Н10Т and ЛС59_1П were chosen for the field experiment, because all these construction materials have similar values of the Young's modulus. The course and carrying out of full-scale experimental research of erosion destruction of the declared constructional materials from which ultrasonic radiators and details of cavitation chambers can be made are shown. The behavior of the studied samples and the dependence of their weight loss on the processing time at different capacities of the ultrasonic reactor are analyzed. The study identified the best materials in terms of cavitation strength in the presence of fatigue stresses.

Keywords


ultrasonic cavitation; ultrasonic vibrations; experiment, cavitation strength of materials; cavitation chambers; cavitation erosion

References


A.F. Lugovskyi, N.V. Chuhraev, Ul'trazvukovaja kavitacija v sovremennyh tehnologijah [Ultrasonic cavitation in modern technologies], Kiev, Vidavnicho–polіgrafіchnij centr “Kiїvs'kij unіversitet”, 2007. 244 p.

А. Zilinskyi et al., “Performance increase of ultrasound liquid sprayers”, Mechanics and Advanced Technologies, no. 2 (80), 2017, pp. 113–122. doi: 10.20535/2521-1943.2017.80.111878

O.M. Jakhno, K.O. Luhovska and A.V. Movchanuk, “Issledovaniye vozmozhnostey tekhnologii ul'trazvukovoy kavitatsionnoy ochistki elastichnykh poverkhnostey” [Study of the capabilities of the technology of ultrasonic cavitation cleaning of elastic surfaces], Visnyk NTUU “KPI”. Mashynobuduvannia, no. 58, 2010, pp. 234–240.

A.A. Kolos, “The ultrasound clearing in freon-compositions”, Visnyk dvyhunobuduvannia, No. 2, 2014, pp. 192–196.

R.N. Golyikh et al., Ultrasound cavitation treatment of viscous and highly dispersible liquid substance, 2010.

P.N. Beljanin and Zh.S. Chernenko, Aviacionnye fil'try i ochistiteli gidravlicheskih system [Aviation filters and purifiers of hydraulic systems], , Moscow, Russia: Mashinostroenie, 1964.

A.F. Luhovskyi, I.A. Gryshko and A.I. Zilinskiy, “Mathematical model of the filtration process in an ultrasonic field of high intensity”, Visnyk Natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu Ukrainy “Kyivskyi politekhnichnyi instytut”. Seriia mashynobuduvannia, No. 74, 2015, pp. 11–17.

А. Zilinskyi, К. Lugovska and О. Коvalenko, “Features of application of ultrasonic movements in filtering technology of liquid”, Mechanics and Advanced Technologies”, no. 2 (83), 2018, pp. 11–17. https://doi.org/10.20535/2521-1943.2018.83.123920

I.M. Bernyk, “Intensyfikatsiia protsesu ekstrahuvannia roslynnoi syrovyny z vykorystanniam ultrazvukovoi kavitatsii” [Intensification of the process of extraction of vegetable raw materials using ultrasonic cavitation], Tekhnika, enerhetyka, transport APK, Iss. 3, 2017, pp. 69–73.

L.V. Marchuk et al., “Inactivation of microorganisms in a high-intensity ultrasonic field”, Naukovi pratsi Donetskoho natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu. Seriia: Hirnycho-elektromekhanichna, Vol. 195, No. 22, 2010, pp. 195–206.

I.M. Fedotkin and I.S. Gulyi, Kavitatsiya. kavitatsionnaya tekhnika i tekhnologiya, ikh ispol'zovanie v promyshlennosti.

Chast' 1 [Cavitation. cavitation technique and technology, their use in industry. Part 1], Kyiv, Ukraine: Poligrafkniga, 1997.

B.A. Agranat et al., Ul'trazvukovaja tehnologija [Ultrasonic technology], Moskow, Russia: Metallurgija, 1974, 503p.

K. Wegener et al., “Fluid elements in machine tools”, CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology. Vol. 66, No. 2. 2017, pp. 611–634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2017.05.008

M.M. Glazkov, and P.A. Adzembe, Erosive destructions of details of the hydraulic systems of air courts: Proceedings Conf. Problems of dynamics of the pneumatic and hydraulic and fuel systems of aircrafts. Kujbishev, 1990, pp. 114–133.

L. Ye et al., Damage characteristics and surface description of near-wall materials subjected to ultrasonic cavitation Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2020.105175

A.F. Luhovskyi et al., “The impact of static pressure on the intensity of ultrasonic cavitation in aqueous media”, Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology, vol. 40, no. 3, 2018, pp. 285–299. https://doi.org/10.3103/S1063455X18030050


GOST Style Citations


[1]         A.F. Lugovskyi, N.V. Chuhraev, Ul'trazvukovaja kavitacija v sovremennyh tehnologijah [Ultrasonic cavitation in modern technologies], Kiev, Vidavnicho–polіgrafіchnij centr “Kiїvs'kij unіversitet”, 2007. 244 p.

[2]         А. Zilinskyi et al., “Performance increase of ultrasound liquid sprayers”, Mechanics and Advanced Technologies, no. 2 (80), 2017, pp. 113–122. doi: 10.20535/2521-1943.2017.80.111878

[3]         O.M. Jakhno, K.O. Luhovska and A.V. Movchanuk, “Issledovaniye vozmozhnostey tekhnologii ul'trazvukovoy kavitatsionnoy ochistki elastichnykh poverkhnostey” [Study of the capabilities of the technology of ultrasonic cavitation cleaning of elastic surfaces], Visnyk NTUU “KPI”. Mashynobuduvannia, no. 58, 2010, pp. 234–240.

[4]         A.A. Kolos, “The ultrasound clearing in freon-compositions”, Visnyk dvyhunobuduvannia, No. 2, 2014, pp. 192–196.

[5]         R.N. Golyikh et al., Ultrasound cavitation treatment of viscous and highly dispersible liquid substance, 2010.

[6]         P.N. Beljanin and Zh.S. Chernenko, Aviacionnye fil'try i ochistiteli gidravlicheskih system [Aviation filters and purifiers of hydraulic systems], , Moscow, Russia: Mashinostroenie, 1964.

[7]         A.F. Luhovskyi, I.A. Gryshko and A.I. Zilinskiy, “Mathematical model of the filtration process in an ultrasonic field of high intensity”, Visnyk Natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu Ukrainy “Kyivskyi politekhnichnyi instytut”. Seriia mashynobuduvannia, No. 74, 2015, pp. 11–17.

[8]         А. Zilinskyi, К. Lugovska and О. Коvalenko, “Features of application of ultrasonic movements in filtering technology of liquid”, Mechanics and Advanced Technologies”, no. 2 (83), 2018, pp. 11–17. https://doi.org/10.20535/2521-1943.2018.83.123920

[9]         I.M. Bernyk, “Intensyfikatsiia protsesu ekstrahuvannia roslynnoi syrovyny z vykorystanniam ultrazvukovoi kavitatsii” [Intensification of the process of extraction of vegetable raw materials using ultrasonic cavitation], Tekhnika, enerhetyka, transport APK, Iss. 3, 2017, pp. 69–73.

[10]      L.V. Marchuk et al., “Inactivation of microorganisms in a high-intensity ultrasonic field”, Naukovi pratsi Donetskoho natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu. Seriia: Hirnycho-elektromekhanichna, Vol. 195, No. 22, 2010, pp. 195–206.

[11]      I.M. Fedotkin and I.S. Gulyi, Kavitatsiya. kavitatsionnaya tekhnika i tekhnologiya, ikh ispol'zovanie v promyshlennosti.
Chast' 1
[Cavitation. cavitation technique and technology, their use in industry. Part 1], Kyiv, Ukraine: Poligrafkniga, 1997.

[12]      B.A. Agranat et al., Ul'trazvukovaja tehnologija [Ultrasonic technology], Moskow, Russia: Metallurgija, 1974, 503p.

[13]      K. Wegener et al., “Fluid elements in machine tools”, CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology. Vol. 66, No. 2. 2017, pp. 611–634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2017.05.008

[14]      M.M. Glazkov, and P.A. Adzembe, Erosive destructions of details of the hydraulic systems of air courts: Proceedings Conf. Problems of dynamics of the pneumatic and hydraulic and fuel systems of aircrafts. Kujbishev, 1990, pp. 114–133.

[15]      L. Ye et al., Damage characteristics and surface description of near-wall materials subjected to ultrasonic cavitation Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2020.105175

[16]      A.F. Luhovskyi et al., “The impact of static pressure on the intensity of ultrasonic cavitation in aqueous media”, Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology, vol. 40, no. 3, 2018, pp. 285–299. https://doi.org/10.3103/S1063455X18030050





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