Numerical modeling of crack initiation and propagation processes in various specimen’s types using the GTN material damage model


  • Andrew Kravchuk GS Institute of Strength Problems Pisarenko NAS of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • Eugene Kondriakov GS Pisarenko Institute of Strength Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • Valery Kharchenko GS Pisarenko Institute of Strength Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine



GTN material damage model; finite element method; crack initiation and propagation; Charpy specimen; CT specimen.


Problematic. A combination of experimental and computational methods for studying the processes of crack initiation and propagation in various specimen’s types is used to determine the mechanical properties of materials, as well as to improve the accuracy of assessing the strength and durability of structural elements.

Research objective. Determination of the parameters of the Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman (GTN) material damage model based on the numerical modeling results of various specimen’s types under various types of loading for steel 22K using the finite element method.

Realization technique. Using the finite element method, numerical modeling of the processes of cracks nucleation and propagation in cylindrical specimens under uniaxial tension, in Charpy specimens under dynamic loading, and also in CT specimens under quasi-static loading was carried out for steel 22K using the GTN material damage model.

The results of research. By comparing the experimental and numerical results, the full set of GTN material model parameters for steel 22K was determined. The stress state in the crack tip area and the kinetics of its propagation in the material of various specimen’s types under static and dynamic loading were estimated.

Conclusions. The GTN material damage model with the parameter values determined from experiments, can be used for numerical simulation of the processes of crack initiation and propagation both in specimens of various types under various loading types, and in structural elements.


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