Heat protective coatings on niobium alloys
Keywords:alloy, multicomponent coatings, plasma-diffusion coatings, heat strength, heat resistance
The article shows that during plasma-diffusion deposition, a multilayer coating was formed on the surface of the niobium alloy. A highly porous plasma-sprayed layer of molybdenum silicide has a significant spread in thickness (h=100...350 μm, Hμ20=6880 MPa). When studying the microstructure of samples with a plasma-diffusion coating after testing, it was found that cracks in the coating originate in the process of creep, mostly at the interface between the plasma and diffusion layers of the coating. The source of their origin is individual discontinuities in the diffusion layer as delivered. Crack propagation occurs both into the plasma and diffusion layers of the coating. Crack growth in the plasma layer is inhibited due to the rounded nature of the pores and the increased plasticity of this layer. The growth of cracks deep into the sample is, as a rule, inhibited by a boride sublayer. The advantage of plasma-diffusion technology provided an increased plasticity of the coating, the presence of thin barrier sublayers, a discontinuous coating structure, the presence of low-melting compounds that contribute to the healing of defects in the coating, an increase in its corrosion resistance and resistance to thermal fatigue destruction. The combination of these properties made it possible to provide an increase in durability compared to silicide and borosilicide coatings under conditions of isothermal creep in air (1400°C, 50 MPa) 1.9...3.7 times and under conditions of thermal cyclic creep (1400-250°C, 50 MPa) in 6.8...8.5 times. It has been determined that the use of a discrete structure will increase the thickness of the coating layer and ensure an increase in their working properties.
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